Themes and discussion

Find out more about organic arable farming and organic livestock husbandry, join the discussions, and exchange ideas and information with colleagues and scientists.

Cropping systems

Cropping systems

The yield gap that normally exists between organic and conventional production practices is caused by different crop-specific factors. The main yield-limiting factor in cereals and tubers is nutrient availability; nitrogen deficiency particularly leads to yield reductions. Weeds and diseases can cause major yield losses in legumes, and attacks of insect pests on oil crops may limit yield significantly. Each crop group shows variations in susceptibility to the different yield-limiting factors. Choice of crop variety and crop species, mixing varieties or species, and the design of a crop rotation will all have a major impact on crop yield and quality.

On this page, you can find tools and resources that can help you improve the cultivation of specific crops, and you can discuss various crop-specific topics with others.


How to successfully convert to organic arable farmingMost popular tool

How to successfully convert to organic arable farming

The leaflet addresses farmers who are interested in conversion to organic arable farming. Information includes contact points for workshops and…

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Cultivation in rows – Nitrogen fixation by catch crops and their effect on yieldLatest tool

Cultivation in rows – Nitrogen fixation by catch crops and their effect on yield

Row cultivation in cereals with nitrogen-fixing crops can improve nitrogen supply in the crop rotation, while reducing nitrogen leaching.…

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Tools

TitleIssuing organisationYear of releaseRating
A farmer’s guide to organic fruit and vegetable productionOrganic Centre Wales20083.5 (2)
Advanced system in wheat: Combination of agronomical levels: The French...PURE-
Calculate the risk of wireworm infestation in the fieldResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174 (1)
Catch crop in maizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174 (1)
Cereal Disease EncyclopaediaAgriculture and Horticulture Development Board...2008
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 1st module: Strategies to enhance soil...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...2017
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 2nd module: Fertilization strategies to...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...2017
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 4th module: Technical tools, strategies...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...2017
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 5th module: Crops specific problems and...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...2017
Choosing cover crops for arable crop rotationsFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB2018
Commercial organic fertiliser as supplementary fertilisers in potato crop...Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174 (1)
Control of wireworms in organic potato cultivationResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20164 (2)
Controlled traffic farming: A new track for soil and weed control in organic...INAGRO2018
Controlling potato beetles with BtResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174 (1)
Cover crop and living mulch toolboxTechnical University of Munich TUM, School of Life...20143.4 (10)
Cover crop mulches and no-till soybeanAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIAB2017
Crop management of linseedResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20162 (1)
Crop Management of Rapeseed and Pollen Beetle ControlResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20164 (1)
Crop rotation and its ability to suppress perennial weedsSEGES20174.5 (2)
Crop rotation and its ability to suppress perennial weedsSEGES20163 (1)
Crop Rotation in Organic SystemsDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...-
Crop rotations on diversified farmsSouthern Regional Extension Forestry2013
Cultivating a diverse wheat population suitable for low-input and organic...Organic Research Centre ORC, Elm Farm2017
Cultivation in rows – Catch crops - tolerance and regrowthAarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug , SEGES Økologi Innovation2018
Cultivation in rows – cereals with catch cropsSEGES Økologi Innovation , Aarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug2018
Cultivation in rows – Nitrogen fixation by catch crops and their effect on yieldSEGES Økologi Innovation , Aarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug2018
Cultivation in rows – Sowing time for catch cropsAarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug , SEGES Økologi Innovation2018
Cultivation in rows – Weed control between stubble rowsAarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug , SEGES Økologi Innovation2018
Cultivation in rows – Weed control in spring cereal grainsAarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug , SEGES Økologi Innovation2018
Demonstration of Hoeing Machines in Arable FarmingResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2011
Demonstration of Plough DethatchersResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20144.5 (2)
Direct drilling of winter cerealsAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIAB2018
Direct Sowing of MaizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2015
Direct sowing with green manureFoundation for organic agriculture Bioselena , IFOAM EU2018
Diverse fertility building leys in arable rotationsOrganic Reserach Centre ORC, Elm Farm20173.5 (2)
DSS "Weed Control in Organic Winter Wheat Production"University Bonn, Institute of Organic Agriculture2004
ECOPHYTOPIC – The portal for integrated crop protection of arable cropsLes Instituts Techniques Agricoles ACTA-3.3 (3)
Efficient use of nitrogen from livestock manureSEGES20174 (2)
Foraging sows on high-protein grasslandFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB2018
Grain legumes and soil fertility - Strategies for a successful cultivationFederal Agency for Nature Conservation BfN20143.5 (2)
Grass protein - a golden chance to improve organic farmingSEGES2018
Green manure and cover crops in organic agriculture: general introductionFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB2012
Green manure and cover crops in organic agriculture: guide to the choice of the...French Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB20124 (3)
Growing cover crops in organic arable crop rotations: Best practices from...SEGES20174 (2)
Growing cover crops in organic arable crop rotations: best practices from...SEGES2016
Hairy Vetch – an Excellent Green Manure for Dry ConditionsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20144 (2)
Highcrop picture toolSEGES2013
How to successfully convert to organic arable farmingLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFI20175 (2)
Incorporating Green ManuresResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20134.5 (2)
Inter-row cultivation for mechanical weed control in winter oilseed rapePURE-
Intercropping grain peas with barleyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2015
Knowledge exchange platform for agroecologySOLAGRO-3.2 (6)
LeNiBa - the KTBL / isip app for nitrogen balancing of legumesKuratorium für Technik und Bauwesen in der...-
Ley Destruction with Shallow Ploughing or CultivatorsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2016
Mechanical Weed Control in MaizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2013
Mechanical weeding in arable cropsFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB20124.6 (9)
Modification/change of sowing date in winter wheatPURE2015
Monitoring and comparing cover crop performancesFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB2018
NDICEA - Nitrogen Planer – version 6.2Louis Bolk Institute20144 (4)
Nitrogen budget calculator. A tool to calculate N-budgets in organic forage...Leibniz-Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung...20133.8 (4)
Nitrogen supply for winter oilseed rapeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174 (1)
No-till cultivation of maize in rolled forage peasResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)2017
Nutrient supplyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20112 (1)
Oekolandbau.de: portal for organic plant productionFederal Office for Agriculture and Food BLE, Bonn20153 (10)
Oregon Tilth 2017 WEBINAR SERIESOregon Tilth2017
Organic CerealsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20104 (2)
Organic Cover Cropping and IntercroppingWashington State University - Puyallup2011
Organic cultivation in autumn 2016 - Varieties, Seeds and Crop managementLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFI2016
Organic Cultivation in Spring 2016 - Varieties, Seeds and Crop managementLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFI2016
Organic Cultivation of Green PeasLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFI2016
Organic farming Guidelines for pest and disease control and weed management in...Uprawy ekologiczne-4 (3)
Organic field beansResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2009
Organic Field Crop ProductionDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...-
Organic field peasResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2009
Organic grain legumes at a glanceResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2009
Organic maizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2008
Organic quality wheat production - Results of long-term field trials of...Ländliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFI2016
Organic rapeseedResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2011
Organic Small Grain ProductionSouthern Regional Extension Forestry2011
Organic soyaResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2009
Organic Soybean made easyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2018
Organic Soybean production in EuropeHungarian Research Institute of Organic...2016
Organic Weed Management: A Practical GuideCharles Merfield2000
Pest and Disease Control in Grass and Forage CropsFarming Connect2013
Pest Management in Organic Cropping SystemsDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...-
Plant breeding with farmers. A technical manualInternational Center for Agricultural Research in...2012
Planting an outdoor area for organic laying hensØkologisk Landsforening2015
Potato Crop ManagementResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2010
Poultry feeding in organic farmingFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB2015
Practical advice for organic production of lupinesLandesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft und...20144 (4)
Practice Abstract: Intercropping grain peas with barleyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174.3 (3)
Processing Quality of Organic WheatResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2015
Rape pollen beetleResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20144.5 (2)
Reduced Tillage Systems - Practical RecommendationResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20143.7 (3)
Regionally adapted humus balance in organic farmingSächsische Landesanstalt für Umwelt,...20133.7 (3)
Results an lessons learnt from field vegetables activity - cabbagePURE-
Results and lessons learnt from wheat-based cropping system activityPURE-
Rolling of grains to prevent winter kill damageResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2017
ROTOR: organic crop rotation plannerLeibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research...20074.6 (9)
Satellite based and camera-controlled steering systemsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20152 (1)
SmartSOIL ToolAarhus University20152 (3)
Soil and Fertility Management in Organic SystemsDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...-
Soil protection and Crop RotationResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2007
SOILappSchool of Advanced Studies Sant'Anna, Institute of... , Scuola Esperienziale Itinerante di Agricoltura... , The Greek Network for Biodiversity and Ecology in...2018
Sort Out Your Soil: A practical guide to green manuresCotswold Seeds Ltd , Garden Organic-4 (5)
Soybean silageAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIAB2018
Successful cultivation of grain legumes mixed with cerealsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2017
Testing peas for legume fatigueResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20175 (1)
The Muencheberg Soil Quality Rating (SQR)Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research...20074 (4)
The use of legumes - Nature-compatible cultivation practicesFederal Agency for Nature Conservation BfN2014
Transition to organic productionDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...-
Use of variety mixtures to reduce disease, increase resource-use efficiency...PURE-
Using crop rotation to control wirewormsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174 (1)
Weed Control in Grass and Forage CropsIBERS Grassland Development Centre2013
Weed control in organic farming through mechanical solutionsUniversity of Kassel, Agricultural Engineering20113.5 (4)
Weed control in soy with the finger weederResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2017
Weed harrowing in spring cerealsPURE-
Weed trimming in soybeansAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIAB2017
Winter field peas as green manure before maizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174.5 (2)


Discussion forum

Here you can discuss your problems and solutions for this theme