Themes and discussion

Find out more about organic arable farming and organic livestock husbandry, join the discussions, and exchange ideas and information with colleagues and scientists.

Cropping systems

Cropping systems

The yield gap that normally exists between organic and conventional production practices is caused by different crop-specific factors. The main yield-limiting factor in cereals and tubers is nutrient availability; nitrogen deficiency particularly leads to yield reductions. Weeds and diseases can cause major yield losses in legumes, and attacks of insect pests on oil crops may limit yield significantly. Each crop group shows variations in susceptibility to the different yield-limiting factors. Choice of crop variety and crop species, mixing varieties or species, and the design of a crop rotation will all have a major impact on crop yield and quality.

On this page, you can find tools and resources that can help you improve the cultivation of specific crops, and you can discuss various crop-specific topics with others.


How to successfully convert to organic arable farmingMost popular tool

How to successfully convert to organic arable farming

The leaflet addresses farmers who are interested in conversion to organic arable farming. Information includes contact points for workshops and…

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Cultivation of soybeansLatest tool

Cultivation of soybeans

The on-farm cultivation of soybeans presents the farmer with challenges. Climate and location requirements, the preceding crop and crop rotation play…

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Tools

TitleIssuing organisationProjectYear of releaseRating
A farmer’s guide to organic fruit and vegetable productionOrganic Centre WalesOK-Net Arable20083.5 (2)
Advanced system in wheat: Combination of agronomical levels: The French...PUREOK-Net Arable-
Calculate the risk of wireworm infestation in the fieldResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable20172 (1)
Catch crop in maizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable20174 (1)
Cereal Disease EncyclopaediaAgriculture and Horticulture Development Board...OK-Net Arable , Other organizations2008
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 1st module: Strategies to enhance soil...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...OK-Net Arable , IAMB Mediterranean Agronomic Institute Bari2017
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 2nd module: Fertilization strategies to...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...OK-Net Arable , IAMB Mediterranean Agronomic Institute Bari2017
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 4th module: Technical tools, strategies...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...OK-Net Arable , IAMB Mediterranean Agronomic Institute Bari2017
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 5th module: Crops specific problems and...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...OK-Net Arable , IAMB Mediterranean Agronomic Institute Bari2017
Choosing cover crops for arable crop rotationsFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITABOK-Net Arable , ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture... , IFOAM EU Group2018
Commercial organic fertiliser as supplementary fertilisers in potato crop...Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable20174 (1)
Control of wireworms in organic potato cultivationResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable20163 (3)
Controlled traffic farming: A new track for soil and weed control in organic...INAGROOK-Net Arable , IFOAM EU Group2018
Controlling potato beetles with BtResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable20174 (1)
Cover crop and living mulch toolboxTechnical University of Munich TUM, School of Life...Selected tools , Universität München - TUM , OK-Net Arable , OSCAR20143.4 (10)
Cover crop mulches and no-till soybeanAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIABOK-Net Arable , AIAB2017
Crop management of linseedResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable20162 (1)
Crop Management of Rapeseed and Pollen Beetle ControlResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable20164 (1)
Crop rotation and its ability to suppress perennial weedsSEGESSEGES , OK-Net Arable20174.5 (2)
Crop rotation and its ability to suppress perennial weedsSEGESSEGES , OK-Net Arable20163 (1)
Crop Rotation in Organic SystemsDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...OK-Net Arable-
Crop rotations on diversified farmsSouthern Regional Extension ForestryOK-Net Arable , Other organizations2013
Cultivating a diverse wheat population suitable for low-input and organic...Organic Research Centre ORC, Elm FarmOK-Net Arable , Organic Research Centre (ORC) - Elm Farm2017
Cultivation in rows – Catch crops - tolerance and regrowthAarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug , SEGES Økologi InnovationOK-Net Arable2018
Cultivation in rows – cereals with catch cropsSEGES Økologi Innovation , Aarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og SkovbrugOK-Net Arable2018
Cultivation in rows – Nitrogen fixation by catch crops and their effect on yieldSEGES Økologi Innovation , Aarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og SkovbrugOK-Net Arable2018
Cultivation in rows – Sowing time for catch cropsAarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug , SEGES Økologi InnovationOK-Net Arable2018
Cultivation in rows – Weed control between stubble rowsAarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug , SEGES Økologi InnovationOK-Net Arable2018
Cultivation in rows – Weed control in spring cereal grainsAarhus University , Copenhagen University , AgroIntelli , Økologisk VKST , Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug , SEGES Økologi InnovationOK-Net Arable2018
Cultivation of faba beansLandesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Gartenbau...OK-Net EcoFeed , Selected tools , Landesanstalt Landwirtschaft2014
Cultivation of soybeansRegierungspräsidium FreiburgOK-Net EcoFeed , Selected tools , Other organizations2018
Demonstration of Hoeing Machines in Arable FarmingResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable2011
Demonstration of Plough DethatchersResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable20144.5 (2)
Direct drilling of winter cerealsAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIABOK-Net Arable , IFOAM EU Group , AIAB2018
Direct Sowing of MaizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable2015
Direct sowing with green manureFoundation for organic agriculture Bioselena , IFOAM EUBioselena , OK-Net Arable , IFOAM EU Group2018
Diverse fertility building leys in arable rotationsOrganic Reserach Centre ORC, Elm FarmOK-Net Arable , Organic Research Centre (ORC) - Elm Farm20173.5 (2)
DSS "Weed Control in Organic Winter Wheat Production"University Bonn, Institute of Organic AgricultureInstitute of Organic Agriculture , OK-Net Arable2004
ECOPHYTOPIC – The portal for integrated crop protection of arable cropsLes Instituts Techniques Agricoles ACTAOK-Net Arable , ACTA - Association de Coordination Technique...-3.3 (3)
Efficient use of nitrogen from livestock manureSEGESSEGES , OK-Net Arable20174 (2)
Feeding pigs silageInnovative FarmersOK-Net EcoFeed , Selected tools , Other organizations , Soil Association2016
Feedstuffs for organic pigsConsiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e...OK-Net EcoFeed , Selected tools , CREA2012
Foraging of pigs in outdoor areas (OK-Net Ecofeed Practice Abstract)Aarhus UniversityOK-Net EcoFeed , OK-Net Ecofeed Tools , Department of Agroecology2020
Foraging sows on high-protein grasslandFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITABOK-Net EcoFeed , Selected tools , ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture...2018
Fulfilling 100 % organic poultry diets: roughage and foraging from the rangeOrganic Research Centre ORC, Elm FarmICOPP , OK-Net EcoFeed , Selected tools , Organic Research Centre (ORC) - Elm Farm2015
Grain legumes and soil fertility - Strategies for a successful cultivationFederal Agency for Nature Conservation BfNOK-Net Arable20143.5 (2)
Grass protein - a golden chance to improve organic farmingSEGESOK-Net EcoFeed , Selected tools , SEGES2018
Green manure and cover crops in organic agriculture: general introductionFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITABOK-Net Arable , ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture...2012
Green manure and cover crops in organic agriculture: guide to the choice of the...French Research Institute for Organic Farming ITABOK-Net Arable , ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture...20124 (3)
Growing cover crops in organic arable crop rotations: Best practices from...SEGESSEGES , OK-Net Arable20174 (2)
Growing cover crops in organic arable crop rotations: best practices from...SEGESSEGES , OK-Net Arable2016
Hairy Vetch – an Excellent Green Manure for Dry ConditionsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable20144 (2)
Highcrop picture toolSEGESSEGES , OK-Net Arable2013
How to successfully convert to organic arable farmingLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFIFiBL Austria , OK-Net Arable , Weitere Organisationen20175 (2)
Incorporating Green ManuresResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable20134.5 (2)
Inter-row cultivation for mechanical weed control in winter oilseed rapePUREOK-Net Arable-
Intercropping grain peas with barleyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLSoil Sciences , Communication , OK-Net Arable2015
Knowledge exchange platform for agroecologySOLAGROOK-Net Arable-3.2 (6)
LeNiBa - the KTBL / isip app for nitrogen balancing of legumesKuratorium für Technik und Bauwesen in der...OK-Net Arable-
Ley Destruction with Shallow Ploughing or CultivatorsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable2016
Mechanical Weed Control in MaizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable2013
Mechanical weeding in arable cropsFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITABOK-Net Arable , ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture...20124.6 (9)
Modification/change of sowing date in winter wheatPUREOK-Net Arable2015
Monitoring and comparing cover crop performancesFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITABOK-Net Arable , ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture... , IFOAM EU Group2018
NDICEA - Nitrogen Planer – version 6.2Louis Bolk InstituteLouis Bolk Institute , OK-Net Arable , Organic Research Centre (ORC) - Elm Farm20144 (4)
Nitrogen budget calculator. A tool to calculate N-budgets in organic forage...Leibniz-Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung...Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research - ZALF20133.8 (4)
Nitrogen supply for winter oilseed rapeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable20174 (1)
No-till cultivation of maize in rolled forage peasResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)Advisory Service , OK-Net Arable2017
Nutrient supplyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLOK-Net Arable , FiBL - Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau...20112 (1)
Oekolandbau.de: portal for organic plant productionFederal Office for Agriculture and Food BLE, BonnSelected tools , Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food - BLE , OK-Net Arable20153 (10)
Oregon Tilth 2017 WEBINAR SERIESOregon TilthOK-Net Arable2017
Organic CerealsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLOK-Net Arable , FiBL - Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau...20104 (2)
Organic Cover Cropping and IntercroppingWashington State University - PuyallupOK-Net Arable2011
Organic cultivation in autumn 2016 - Varieties, Seeds and Crop managementLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFIFiBL Austria , OK-Net Arable , Weitere Organisationen2016
Organic Cultivation in Spring 2016 - Varieties, Seeds and Crop managementLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFIFiBL Austria , OK-Net Arable , Weitere Organisationen2016
Organic Cultivation of Green PeasLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFIFiBL Austria , OK-Net Arable , Weitere Organisationen2016
Organic farming Guidelines for pest and disease control and weed management in...Uprawy ekologiczneOK-Net Arable-4 (3)
Organic field beansResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable2009
Organic Field Crop ProductionDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...OK-Net Arable-
Organic field peasResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable2009
Organic grain legumes at a glanceResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable2009
Organic maizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable2008
Organic quality wheat production - Results of long-term field trials of...Ländliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFIFiBL Austria , OK-Net Arable , Weitere Organisationen2016
Organic rapeseedResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable2011
Organic Small Grain ProductionSouthern Regional Extension ForestryOK-Net Arable2011
Organic soyaResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable2009
Organic Soybean made easyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLFiBL Austria , OK-Net Arable2018
Organic Soybean production in EuropeHungarian Research Institute of Organic...OK-Net Arable , FiBL - Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau... , Ökológiai Mezőgazdasági Kutatóintézet2016
Organic Weed Management: A Practical GuideCharles MerfieldOK-Net Arable2000
Pest and Disease Control in Grass and Forage CropsFarming ConnectOK-Net Arable2013
Pest Management in Organic Cropping SystemsDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...Organic Agriculture Centre of Canada/Centre... , OK-Net Arable-
Plant breeding with farmers. A technical manualInternational Center for Agricultural Research in...OK-Net Arable2012
Planting an outdoor area for organic laying hensØkologisk LandsforeningOK-Net EcoFeed , Selected tools , Weitere Organisationen2015
Potato Crop ManagementResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable2010
Poultry feeding in organic farmingFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITABOK-Net EcoFeed , Selected tools , ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture...2015
Practical advice for organic production of lupinesLandesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft und...OK-Net Arable20144 (4)
Practice Abstract: Intercropping grain peas with barleyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable20174.3 (3)
Processing Quality of Organic WheatResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable2015
Rape pollen beetleResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLOK-Net Arable , Pflanzenschutz und Biodiversität , Other organizations20144.5 (2)
Reduced Tillage Systems - Practical RecommendationResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable20143.7 (3)
Regionally adapted humus balance in organic farmingSächsische Landesanstalt für Umwelt,...AK Versuchsansteller Ökologischer Landbau , Landesamt für Umwelt, Landwirtschaft und Geologie , OK-Net Arable20133.7 (3)
Results an lessons learnt from field vegetables activity - cabbagePUREOK-Net Arable-
Results and lessons learnt from wheat-based cropping system activityPUREOK-Net Arable-
Rolling of grains to prevent winter kill damageResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable2017
ROTOR: organic crop rotation plannerLeibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research...OK-Net Arable20074.6 (11)
Satellite based and camera-controlled steering systemsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable20152 (1)
SmartSOIL ToolAarhus UniversityDepartment of Agroecology , OK-Net Arable20152 (3)
Soil and Fertility Management in Organic SystemsDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...Organic Agriculture Centre of Canada/Centre... , OK-Net Arable-
Soil protection and Crop RotationResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLSoil Sciences , Advisory Service , OK-Net Arable2007
SOILappSchool of Advanced Studies Sant'Anna, Institute of... , Scuola Esperienziale Itinerante di Agricoltura... , The Greek Network for Biodiversity and Ecology in...OK-Net Arable , Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Pisa2018
Sort Out Your Soil: A practical guide to green manuresCotswold Seeds Ltd , Garden OrganicOK-Net Arable , Garden Organic (HDRA)-4 (5)
Soybean silageAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIABOK-Net Arable , IFOAM EU Group , AIAB2018
Successful cultivation of grain legumes mixed with cerealsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLBioselena , Advisory Service , OK-Net Arable2017
Testing peas for legume fatigueResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable20175 (1)
The Muencheberg Soil Quality Rating (SQR)Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research...OK-Net Arable20074 (4)
The use of legumes - Nature-compatible cultivation practicesFederal Agency for Nature Conservation BfNFederal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) , FiBL Deutschland - Forschungsinstitut für... , OK-Net Arable , Department of Organic Farming and Cropping2014
Transition to organic productionDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...Organic Agriculture Centre of Canada/Centre... , OK-Net Arable-
Use of variety mixtures to reduce disease, increase resource-use efficiency...PUREOK-Net Arable-
Using crop rotation to control wirewormsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLCommunication , OK-Net Arable20174 (1)
Weed Control in Grass and Forage CropsIBERS Grassland Development CentreOK-Net Arable , Institute for Biological, Environmental and Rural...2013
Weed control in organic farming through mechanical solutionsUniversity of Kassel, Agricultural EngineeringOK-Net Arable , University of Kassel20113.5 (4)
Weed control in soy with the finger weederResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable2017
Weed harrowing in spring cerealsPUREOK-Net Arable-
Weed trimming in soybeansAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIABOK-Net Arable , IFOAM EU Group , AIAB2017
Winter field peas as green manure before maizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBLAdvisory Service , OK-Net Arable20174.5 (2)


Discussion forum

Here you can discuss your problems and solutions for this theme