Themes and discussion

Find out more about organic arable farming and organic livestock husbandry, join the discussions, and exchange ideas and information with colleagues and scientists.

Economics and regulation of organic seeds

Economics and regulation of organic seeds

The current European seed marketing regulatory framework represents a major bottleneck for the development and the registration of organic cultivars. The new EU organic regulation, introducing organic varieties and organic heterogeneous material, shall propose adapted rules and protocols for registration.

The economics of seed production and marketing are quite different in an organic regime compared to conventional. Lower yields and higher risks of crop failure require appropriate business models to ensure fair prices to seed-producing farmers. Similarly, financing organic plant breeding requires innovative approaches, encompassing the smaller seed market share and the higher number of varieties needed in the sector.

On this page, you will find information and updates on the economics and regulation of organic seeds, including contracting process and certification of organic seeds as well as information on availability of organic seeds on the market and other market issues.



Featured tools

Producing onion seeds for organic agricultureLatest tool

Producing onion seeds for organic agriculture

This tool is a data sheet that can be used by French farmers who produce or want to produce onion seeds in organic conditions. It provides advice…

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Tools

TitleIssuing organisationProjectYear of releaseRating
Agricultural biodiversity: Meaning and role for the producerAEGILOPS - The Greek Network for Biodiversity and...Liveseed2016
Aubergine (Solanum melogena L.)Rete Semi RuraliLiveseed2009
Breeding an organic forage crop variety (Liveseed Practice Abstract)AgroscopeLiveseed2020
Comparison of bread wheat varieties with different breeding origin under organic...ATK - Centre for Agricultural ResearchLiveseed2014
Cooperatives a model to improve organic seed production (Liveseed Practice...De Beersche HoeveLiveseed2019
Creating dynamic and diverse populations. Mixtures of landraces or old varieties...INRAE - National Research Institute for... , NARDI - National Agricultural Research and...Liveseed2020
Diversity and Participatory Research for Organic AgricultureINRAE - National Research Institute for...Liveseed2019
Effect of organic cultivation in landraces of peppersUniversitat Politècnica de València2018
Functional compounds of einkorn and emmer genotypesATK - Centre for Agricultural ResearchLiveseed2014
Grain Pea in Organic FarmingCREA2006
Greening urban gardens with local vegetable varieties (Liveseed Practice...AEGILOPS - The Greek Network for Biodiversity and...Liveseed2020
Heterogeneous spring barley populations in Latvia (Liveseed Practice Abstract)AREI - Institute of Agricultural Resources and...Liveseed2020
How to evaluate weed competitiveness in cereals (Liveseed Practice Abstract)AGES - Austrian Agency for Health and Food SafetyLiveseed2020
Innovative techniques for seed treatments compatible with organic farmingITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , ACTA - Les Instituts Techniques AgricolesLiveseed2009
Managing common buntITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and FoodLiveseed2008
Managing common bunt in wheat seed lots (Liveseed Practice Abstract)Agrologica , ITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , AGES - Austrian Agency for Health and Food SafetyLiveseed2019
Managing on farm populations. Mixtures of landraces or old varieties (Liveseed...INRAE - National Research Institute for...Liveseed2020
Pepper (Capsicum annum L.)Rete Semi RuraliLiveseed2009
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)Rete Semi RuraliLiveseed2009
Pre-sprouting of potato seed tubers (Liveseed Practice Abstract)AREI - Institute of Agricultural Resources and...Liveseed2020
Producing alfalfa seeds for organic agricultureITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , FNAMS - Fédération Nationale des Agriculteurs...Liveseed2003
Producing cabbage seeds for organic agricultureITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , FNAMS - Fédération Nationale des Agriculteurs...Liveseed2006
Producing carrot seeds for organic agricultureITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , FNAMS - Fédération Nationale des Agriculteurs...Liveseed2005
Producing cereal seeds for organic agricultureITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , FNAMS - Fédération Nationale des Agriculteurs...Liveseed2002
Producing forage crop seeds for organic agriculture: evolving techniquesITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , FNAMS - Fédération Nationale des Agriculteurs...Liveseed2008
Producing lettuce seeds for organic agricultureITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , FNAMS - Fédération Nationale des Agriculteurs...Liveseed2003
Producing onion seeds for organic agricultureITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , FNAMS - Fédération Nationale des Agriculteurs...Liveseed2004
Producing red clover seeds for organic agricultureITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , FNAMS - Fédération Nationale des Agriculteurs...Liveseed2005
Producing zucchini seeds for organic agricultureITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food , FNAMS - Fédération Nationale des Agriculteurs...Liveseed2003
Proper seed storageWUR - Wageningen University & Research2020
Resistant varieties for fruit growers - Malidae groupÖMKi - Hungarian Research Institute of Organic...Liveseed2014
Seed health in potatoes (Liveseed Practice Abstract)LBI - Louis Bolk InstituteLiveseed2020
SolanaceaeRete Semi RuraliLiveseed2009
The cell fusion-free vegetable list helps organic farmers to find suitable...BNN - Bundesverband Naturkost Naturwaren e.V. , FiBL - Research Institute of Organic AgricultureLiveseed2019
The identification of wheat genetic resources with high dietary fiber contentATK - Centre for Agricultural ResearchLiveseed2014
The main diseases of Solanaceae transmitted by seedsRete Semi RuraliLiveseed2009
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)Rete Semi RuraliLiveseed2009
Towards ecological and societal resilience through systems-based plant breeding...De Beersche HoeveLiveseed2019