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> Soil quality and fertility

> Soil quality and fertility

Sustainable crop production is dependent on maintaining and improving soil quality and fertility, which are in turn dependent on organic matter in the soil and its impact on the soil’s chemical, biological and physical properties. Organic matter is the source of life for the immense variety of soil microbes and soil fauna that make nutrients available and build soil structure. Therefore, crop rotations should always include a phase that allows organic matter in the soil to build up i.e. through incorporating perennial grass-clover leys or catch crops during autumn and winter. To protect soil life, the input of nutrients via manure, crop residues or other fertilisers should be well-balanced. Compaction by heavy machinery should be avoided for the same reason.

On this page, you can find tools and resources to help you improve soil quality and fertility, and you can discuss the topic with others.


Advanced system in wheat: Combination of agronomical levels: The French experimentMost popular tool

Advanced system in wheat: Combination of agronomical levels: The French experiment

The purpose of this tool is to provide information on the production of wheat without pesticides or fertilizer. The tool suggests crop rotation,…

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Latest tool

Cultivation in rows – Nitrogen fixation by catch crops and their effect on yield

Row cultivation in cereals with nitrogen-fixing crops can improve nitrogen supply in the crop rotation, while reducing nitrogen leaching.…

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Tools

TitleIssuing organisationYear of releaseRating
A farmer’s guide to organic fruit and vegetable productionOrganic Centre Wales20083.5 (2)
Advanced system in wheat: Combination of agronomical levels: The French...PURE-5 (1)
Aerated compost tea (ACT) to improve soil biology and to act as a...Organic Research Centre ORC, Elm Farm20174.7 (3)
Assessing soil structure with two simple methods : Spade Test and mini 3D soil...ARVALIS - Institut du végétal2017
Autumn cover cropsAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIAB20183 (4)
Bringing the dirt to your doorstep: organic no-till weed managementRodale Institute, Kutztown20142.8 (4)
Catch crop in maizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174 (1)
Cereal Disease EncyclopaediaAgriculture and Horticulture Development Board...2008
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 1st module: Strategies to enhance soil...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...2017
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 2nd module: Fertilization strategies to...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...2017
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming 4th module: Technical tools, strategies...Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...2017
Challenges of Organic Arable Farming - 6th module: Recovery and final synthesisMediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari CIHEAM...2017
Choosing cover crops for arable crop rotationsFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB2018
Commercial organic fertiliser as supplementary fertilisers in potato crop...Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174 (1)
Composting leaflet – agroecological approach at your farmBioforum Vlaanderen vzw20134.5 (2)
Control of creeping thistle by stubble cultivationResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174.5 (2)
Controlled traffic farming: A new track for soil and weed control in organic...INAGRO2018
Controlling docks by stubble cultivationResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174.5 (2)
Cover Crop (Rye) and No-Till System in WisconsinResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20145 (3)
Cover crop and living mulch toolboxTechnical University of Munich TUM, School of Life...20143.4 (10)
Cover crop management and terminationSustainable Agriculture Research & Education SARE2014
Cover crop mulches and no-till maizeAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIAB20181 (1)
Cover crop mulches and no-till soybeanAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIAB2017
Crop rotation and its ability to suppress perennial weedsSEGES20174.5 (2)
Crop rotation and its ability to suppress perennial weedsSEGES20163 (1)
Crop Rotation in Organic SystemsDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...-
Crop rotations on diversified farmsSouthern Regional Extension Forestry2013
Cultivating a diverse wheat population suitable for low-input and organic...Organic Research Centre ORC, Elm Farm2017
Cultivation in rows – Catch crops - tolerance and regrowth2018
Cultivation in rows – cereals with catch crops2018
Cultivation in rows – Nitrogen fixation by catch crops and their effect on yield2018
Cultivation in rows – Sowing time for catch crops20185 (1)
Cultivation in rows – Weed control between stubble rows2018
Cultivation in rows – Weed control in spring cereal grains2018
Demonstration of Hoeing Machines in Arable FarmingResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2011
Demonstration of Plough DethatchersResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20144.5 (2)
Determine compost quality using the cress testsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)2018
Direct drilling of winter cerealsAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIAB2018
Direct Sowing of MaizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2015
Direct sowing with green manureFoundation for organic agriculture Bioselena , IFOAM EU2018
Diverse fertility building leys in arable rotationsOrganic Reserach Centre ORC, Elm Farm20173.5 (2)
DSS "Weed Control in Organic Winter Wheat Production"University Bonn, Institute of Organic Agriculture2004
Earthworms: architects of fertile soilsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20143.6 (11)
ECOPHYTOPIC – The portal for integrated crop protection of arable cropsLes Instituts Techniques Agricoles ACTA-3.3 (3)
Efficient nitrogen use from livestock manureSEGES2016
Efficient use of nitrogen from livestock manureSEGES20174 (2)
Friedrich Wenz on Soil Fertility and Reduced TillageResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20145 (1)
Getting your land ready to grow organically – certified or notMichigan State University2016
Grain legumes and soil fertility - Strategies for a successful cultivationFederal Agency for Nature Conservation BfN20143.5 (2)
Green manure and cover crops in organic agriculture: general introductionFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB2012
Green manure and cover crops in organic agriculture: guide to the choice of the...French Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB20124 (3)
Growing cover crops in organic arable crop rotations: Best practices from...SEGES20174 (2)
Growing cover crops in organic arable crop rotations: best practices from...SEGES2016
Hairy Vetch – an Excellent Green Manure for Dry ConditionsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20144 (2)
Healthy Grassland Soils PocketbookAgriculture and Horticulture Development Board...2015
How to successfully convert to organic arable farmingLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFI20175 (2)
Incorporating Green ManuresResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20134.5 (2)
Inter-row cultivation for mechanical weed control in winter oilseed rapePURE-
Intercropping grain peas with barleyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2015
Knowledge exchange platform for agroecologySOLAGRO-3.2 (6)
LeNiBa - the KTBL / isip app for nitrogen balancing of legumesKuratorium für Technik und Bauwesen in der...-
Ley Destruction with Shallow Ploughing or CultivatorsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2016
Living mulch in vegetablesAssociazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica AIAB2015
Managing for Soil Health on an Organic Farm - A Farmer's PerspectiveSouthern Regional Extension Forestry2014
Mechanical Weed Control in MaizeResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2013
Mechanical weeding in arable cropsFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB20124.6 (9)
Monitoring and comparing cover crop performancesFrench Research Institute for Organic Farming ITAB2018
Multispectral remote sensing in participatory on-farm variety trialsHungarian Research Institute of Organic...2018
NDICEA - Nitrogen Planer – version 6.2Louis Bolk Institute20144 (4)
New ways of stubble cultivationResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2010
Nitrogen budget calculator. A tool to calculate N-budgets in organic forage...Leibniz-Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung...20133.8 (4)
No-till cultivation of maize in rolled forage peasResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)2017
Nutrient Budgeting: Organic Considerations for Implementing NRCS CPS 590Southern Regional Extension Forestry2014
Nutrient management in farms in conversion to organicSächsische Landesanstalt für Umwelt,...2008
Nutrient supplyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20112 (1)
Oregon Tilth 2017 WEBINAR SERIESOregon Tilth2017
Organic CerealsResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20104 (2)
Organic Cover Cropping and IntercroppingWashington State University - Puyallup2011
Organic cultivation in autumn 2016 - Varieties, Seeds and Crop managementLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFI2016
Organic Cultivation in Spring 2016 - Varieties, Seeds and Crop managementLändliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFI2016
Organic Field Crop ProductionDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...-
Organic no-till systemsSouthern Regional Extension Forestry2013
Organic quality wheat production - Results of long-term field trials of...Ländliches Fortbildungsinstitut Österreich LFI2016
Organic Small Grain ProductionSouthern Regional Extension Forestry2011
Organic Weed Management: A Practical GuideCharles Merfield2000
Pest Management in Organic Cropping SystemsDalhousie University, Organic Agriculture Centre...-
Pest Management in Organic Production SystemsSouthern Regional Extension Forestry2011
Potato Crop ManagementResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2010
Practical advice for organic production of lupinesLandesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft und...20144 (4)
Practice Abstract: Intercropping grain peas with barleyResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20174.3 (3)
Processing Quality of Organic WheatResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL2015
Quick test for infiltration of arable soilsBioland , FiBL Projekte GmbH2018
Reduced TillageResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)2014
Reduced Tillage Stubble Incorporation - Comparsion of Different Machine TypesResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20134 (1)
Reduced Tillage Systems - Practical RecommendationResearch Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL20143.7 (3)
Regionally adapted humus balance in organic farmingSächsische Landesanstalt für Umwelt,...20133.7 (3)


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